A Kraken is a mythical behemoth. A man-eating and fearsome gigantic cephalopod that drove fear into the hearts of sea-going Scandanavians. The word kraken comes from the Swedish word “krake”, which means twisted.
Seen traditionally as a beast to be feared and respected, it also embodied a sense of deep oceanic magic and mystery.
Kraken engraving by Édouard Riou, 1870
“In the ocean many things are hidden. Amongst the many great things which are in the ocean .. is the Kraken. This creature is the largest and most surprising of the animal creation.” OED’s first record of ‘Kraken’ in English (1755)
Below the thunders of the upper deep,
Far, far beneath in the abysmal sea,
His ancient, dreamless, uninvaded sleep
The Kraken sleepeth: faintest sunlights flee
About his shadowy sides; above him swell
Huge sponges of millennial growth and height;
And far away into the sickly light,
From many a wondrous grot and secret cell
Unnumbered and enormous polypi
Winnow with giant arms the slumbering green.
There hath he lain for ages, and will lie
Battening upon huge sea worms in his sleep,
Until the latter fire shall heat the deep;
Then once by man and angels to be seen,
In roaring he shall rise and on the surface die.